From Wiki 2005
Capital is a word with many potential meanings:
- A capital city (in many states the political, religious, and economic capital are the same):
- In geography and politics, a capital (also called capital city or political capital) of a country or other political entity is a city or town that contains the government. (An alternative, less formal definition of "political capital" is the still-unclaimed favors a politician or lobbyist other political entity is owed in return for favors he or she or it has in the past done. For example, a factory seeking permits to expand might "call in" the political capital it has built up by years of donating to school-construction projects.)
- In societies with official religions a capital is a religious capital.
- In finance and economics, capital is real or financial wealth, and Capital formation is the increase in wealth.
- In Marxian economics, capital is asset value seeking surplus-value (or value-accretion) within a framework of private property relations and social relations of production which permit the economic exploitation of surplus labour.
- The Five Capitals Model of sustainable development groups together: Natural capital, Manufactured capital, Financial capital with the sociological social capital and Human capital (see immediately below). The model is used to show stocks and flows of resources as they relate to a sustainable society, healthy environment, and productive economy.
- Capital punishment refers to death sentence.
Also, the term "capital" is often confused with the term capitol, which is the term used for certain buildings used to house the legislative body of a certain sovereignty.