Female ejaculation (colloquially known as "squirting" or "gushing") refers to the expulsion of noticeable amounts of fluid from the vagina during sexual stimulation at or near orgasm. The expelled fluid is reported variously as:
- Urine, possibly due to stress incontinence,
- A clear or milky fluid which emerges (sometimes with force), has a composition similar to the fluid generated in males by the prostate gland, and is generated by Skene's glands, and
- A mixture of these two fluids.
The nature of female ejaculation
Currently, the nature of female ejaculation is still quite unclear. From a scientific point of view, there are only a few articles in medical journals dealing with this topic. Almost all of these articles do not give any serious data about the origin or composition of the fluid expelled. Even worse, the few data available are inconsistent.
Without any doubt there is a loss of fluid during sexual stimulation or orgasm in some women. In many personal accounts it has been attested that the ejaculate is ejected from somewhere within the vagina, not the urethra. In other cases it seems accidental urination has been mistaken for authentic female ejaculation. It has also been suggested that one of the components of the ejaculate may be glucose, which gives it a slightly sweet taste. Because of the wide variety of personal accounts it is difficult to pare away the anecdotes to come to a definitive conclusion, even if the answer may be utterly clear for those who feel they have experienced or witnessed it.
Other "pseudo-scientific" organizations such as the New Sex Institute offer step-by-step guidance to this "new realm of sexual pleasure and intimacy" through various books and videos/dvds. Clint Arthur, the founder of New Sex Institute, states publicly that "all women are physically capable of female ejaculation -- unless they have had surgery to prevent it." Others present less optimistic assessments of the female sex's capacity to ejaculate, with the percentage of women estimated to be between 10% and 55%.
The glands surrounding the female urethra are variously known as the paraurethral glands, periurethral glands, Skene's glands, "female prostate", or urethral sponge, and are the spongy tissue associated with the Gräfenberg spot. The term Skene's glands originally referred to only two of these glands which had openings visible at the mouth of the urethra and the others were designated paraurethral glands although the two terms are often used imprecisely to refer to all of the glands.
In addition to fluid from the paraurethral glands and urine from the bladder, fluid could be expelled from the vagina due to a sudden reduction in size due to muscle contractions.
In early fetal development, all fetuses are physically neither male nor female but rudimentary organs that, under the influence of molecular signals such as testosterone and oestrogen, develop into male or female sex organs. There are structures and organs in each gender which are analogous to each other: Males and females both have nipples which share similar roles in sexual arousal, though the female's also perform a function in child rearing; the origin of the tissue of the clitoris is exactly the same as in the penis and becomes swollen with blood and erect during arousal; females also have a structure analogous to the male's prostate gland. The prostate is a toroidal (i.e., doughnut-shaped) cluster of glands which encircle the base of the urethra and produce most of the content in seminal fluid. In females, this is called the urethral sponge, and serves the same function in regard to female ejaculation. It encircles the urethra and contains up to 30 glands that swell with rising sexual excitement. The fluid that is created during sexual arousal in these glands is an alkaline liquid similar to male prostatic fluid. It is this fluid that makes up female ejaculate.
In 2002, Emmanuele Jannini of L'Aquila University in Italy showed one explanation for this phenomenon as well as for the frequent denials of its existence. Skene's gland openings are usually the size of pinholes, and vary in size from one woman to another, to the point where they appear to be missing entirely in some women. If Skene's glands are the cause of female ejaculation, this may explain the observed absence of this phenomenon in many women. Retrograde ejaculation, where the fluid travels up the urethra towards the bladder (observed in 75% of test subjects) could also account for the observed absence.
Ejaculation in women seems to be aided or caused by stimulation of the area of the vagina known as the Gräfenberg spot (often simply known as the G-spot). The content of the ejaculated fluid is either all urine, all glandular secretion, or a combination of both.
Studies of the fluid ejaculated through the urethra have shown a different chemical composition than urine although urine may also be present. Glucose, prostatic acid phosphatase, and prostate specific antigen appear in female ejaculate along with lower levels of urea and creatine than found in urine. In some cases, ejaculate was differentiated from urine by the absence of asparagus smell (after eating asparagus) or a dye.
In some pornographic movies, women are shown ejaculating a clear or milky fluid. The validity of pornography as a source of evidence is, however, suspect, as there is a strong incentive to generate dramatic visual effects, with no implication or assurance of accurate recording of real events. Allegedly, some of this is done through trick editing or by filling the vagina with fluids from external sources; with the camera on, the woman can then expel the fluid. In other cases, the fluid is clearly seen as coming from her urethra, at high velocity. It is likely that urination is sometimes used in this context to provide the illusion of a female ejaculation.
In other less explicit films such as New Sex Now and Goddess Worship the emphasis is on learning how to create the experience of this intense type orgasm, and less on the physical ejaculation of fluid.
British film censorship
In the United Kingdom, the British Board of Film Classification denies the existence of the phenomenon of female ejaculation, regarding it instead as urination during sex, thus banning its depiction under its rules that ban the depiction of urolagnia.
- Addiego, F., Belzer, E. G., Comolli, J., Moger, W., Perry, J. D., & Whipple, B. (1981). Female ejaculation: A case study. The Journal of Sex Research, 17, 13-21.
- Arthur, Clint (2004) "9 Free Secrets of New Sensual Power"
- Adult Female Ejaculation Sites from Yahoo!
- An Annotated Bibliography on Sexual Arousal, Orgasm, and Female Ejaculation in Humans and Animals
- The-Clitoris.com: Female Ejaculation & The G-Spot: Instructions and diagrams from the feminist perspective.
- Electronic Journal of Human Sexuality: Urethral Expulsions During Sensual Arousal and Bladder Catheterization in Seven Human Females by Gary Schubach ("Female Ejaculation" Bibliography)
- Interesting article on female ejaculation: * Refutes the allegation that female ejaculation is merely urinal
- Female Ejaculate: General Information - The latest research indicates the possibility that all women produce female ejaculate.
- Female Ejaculation, Myth and Reality
- Feminists Against Censorship: Submission to the BBFC: Female Ejaculation: Research Contrary to BBFC Ruling.
- From "Go Ask Alice":
- Master your G-spot: "Female Ejaculation: It is Possible!"
- "Google Scholar" search for scholarly papers on "female ejaculation"de:Weibliche Ejakulation