October begins (astrologically) with the sun in the sign of Libra and ends in the sign of Scorpio. Astronomically speaking, the sun begins in the constellation of Virgo and ends in the constellation of Libra.
The name is from the Latin Word "octo" for "eight". October was the eighth month in the Roman calendar until a monthless winter period (summer in the southern hemisphere) was divided between January and February.
- Major League Baseball Playoffs
- National Coming Out Day
- National Breast Cancer Awareness Month
- Second Monday of the month: Thanksgiving in Canada, Columbus Day in the USA.
- The European Union and the USA revert back from Summer Time (Daylight Saving Time) to regular zone time on the last Sunday of the month, from 3 AM to 2 AM. At Merton College, Oxford, this has been celebrated since 1972 with a backward procession round Fellow's Quad between 2 A.M. BST and 2 A.M. GMT.
- Filipino-American History Month
- The last Monday in October is one of the public holidays in the Republic of Ireland and in the Irish Calendar the month is called Deireadh Fómhair (literally "End of Autumn") and is the third and last month of the Autumn season.
- Oktober Fest in Germany
- Halloween on the night of 31 October to 1 November
- In the pagan wheel of the year October ends at or near to Samhain in the northern hemisphere and Bealtaine in the southern hemisphere.
- The Russian October Revolution of 1917 (which took place on November 7 in the Gregorian Calendar).
- The October Crisis of 1970 in Quebec, Canada.
- In Czech, October is called říjen. The origin of this name is in the deer's belling in this month.
- A traditional Dutch name for October is Wijnmaand (wine month) because the first wines of the year have ripened.
- In Finnish, October is called lokakuu, meaning "month of dirt".
- In Scottish Gaelic, October is called an Damhar, meaning "rutting time" (of stags).
- In Irish, October is called Deireadh Fómhair, meaning "end of harvest-time".
- In Turkish, October is called Ekim, meaning "sowing" because of the sowing of wheat.
- In the old Japanese calendar, the month is called Kan'na dzuki (神無月), meaning the absence of god.
- October begins on the same day of the week as January in common years.
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